Arabic Letters

Ince Okunan Harfler

Soft Letters

Kalın Okunan Harfler

Gruff Letters

Harflerin okunuşu için lütfen kutucuklarının altındaki Detay yazısına, daha geniş açıklamaları için Ayrıntı yazısına tıklayınız.

ا
Alif

Sounds like English letter a in care.
Alis is a thin sound.

| Details
ب
Ba

Sounds like English letter b in boy.
Ba is a thin sound.

| Details
ت
Ta

Sounds like English letter t in tea or table.
Ta is a thin sound.

| Details
ث
Tha

Sounds like English th sound in three, think but not like th in there.
Tha is a thin sound.

| Details
ج
Jeem

Sounds like English letter j in job or jam.
Jeem is a thin sound.

| Ayrıntı
ح
Hha

Similar to English letter h but stonger, from the throat, like h in hard.
Hha is a thin sound.

| Ayrıntı
خ
Kha

Sounds like Spanish letter j in Juan or German ch sound in Bach.
Kha is a gruff sound.

| Ayrıntı
د‎
Dal

Sounds like English letter d in door.
Dal is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
ذ
Thal

Sounds like English th sound in there but not like th in three.
Thal is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
ر
Ra

Similar to English letter R in road but it is closer to the rolling Spanish R.

| Ayrıntı
ز
Ze

Sounds like English letter Z in zoom.
Za is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
س
Seen

Sounds like English letter S in serpent.
Seen is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
ش
Sheen

Sounds like “sh” in English like shell or shine.
Sheen is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
ص
Saad

Similar to English letter S but more darker.
Saad is a gruff sound.

| Ayrıntı
ض
Daad

Similar to English letter D but more darker.
Daad is a gruff sound.

| Ayrıntı
ط
Toh

Similar to English letter T in Tom but more emphatic and darker.
Toh is a gruff sound.

| Ayrıntı
ظ
Thoh

Similar to English sound th in those but draw it to the back of your throat.
Thoh is a gruff sound.

| Ayrıntı
ع
‘Ayn

No equivalent in English, produced at the very back of the throat.
Ayn is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
غ
‘Ghayn

Sounds like the French “r”, produced at the very back of the throat.
Ghayn is a gruff sound.

| Ayrıntı
ف
Fa

Sounds like English letter F in fat or ferry.
Fa is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
ق
Qaf

Sounds like English letter K but produced with the tongue much farther back, like Company.
Qaf is a gruff sound.

| Ayrıntı
ك
Kaf

Sounds like English letter K in king.
Kaf is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
ل
Lam

Sounds like English letter L in look.
Lam is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
م
Meem

Sounds like English letter M in man.
Meem is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
ن
Noon

Sounds like English letter N in nose.
Noon is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
و
Wow

Sounds like English letter W in water.
Wow is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
Ha

Sounds like English letter H in hat, hide.
Ha is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı
ي
Ya

Sounds like English letter Y in yes.
Ya is a soft sound.

| Ayrıntı

Soft and Gruff Sounds

Arabic Soft Thin Light or Gruff Heavy Letters

Reminder: Learning to read the Quran Al-Karim is quite easy, however, it is essential to have a tutor. Although the pronunciation of the original letters is written in detailed way in this site, however, it is quite difficult or even impossible to be able to pronounce the original letters exclusively based on these explanations. Therefore, beginners are strongly recommended to take lessons from a qualified instructor. This guide is intended for the individuals who were unable to find an instructor to learn how to read the Holy Quran Al-Karim.

Test Yourself

ص‎
Saad
ط‎

Toh

ع‎

‘Ayn

ﺏ‎‎

Ba

ت

Ta

ل‎

Lam

ذ‎

Thal

ر‎

Ra

ز‎

Za

ﺵ‎

Sheen

ظ‎
Thoh
ﺙ‎‎‎
Tha
غ‎

‘Gayn

ك‎
Kaf
م‎

Meem

ح‎‎

Hha

ق

Qaf

خ
Kha

Please note that the soft letters are shown in blue and the gruff letters are shown in green throughout the pages.