It is the name of the divine religion sent by the Supreme Creator. It was lastly declared in the 7th century by the prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and was told be the last religion to be sent.
And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.Surah Adh-Dhariyat – Ayat 56
Religion is the necessary rules for a human to live a life appropriate for the purpose of creation. Religion is not only a conformity between people, but also between people and Allah.
The definition of Islam in the dictionary is to “to connect, to obey, to surrender, to be in peace and tranquility”.
Many descriptions have been made for the term meaning of the word, for example, Mâtürîdî defines it as”the person surrendering the self totally to Allah and only to serve Allah and no one else. “(Kitab al-Tawheed, p. 394; cp. Nesefi, II, 817) Raghib al-Isfahani described Islam as “expressing the belief in the heart with the tongue and by fulfilling the needs with actions by showing submission towards every aspect that Allah values and possesses “(et-Ta’rîfât, Islam md)
The person who conforms to the religion of Islam is called a Muslim in English and Arabic, mussulman in Persian and moslem in Turkish.
Since all divine religions are based on the solidarity of Allah, worshipping anything other than Allah is superstitious and it is of utmost importance to guide our behavior in accordance with this belief.
Those who adhere to Islam believe in the one of a kind, the unborn, the eternal, omnipresent and omnipotent Almighty creator, Allah. They acknowledge that Allah is the only power ruling in the universe, spare their wealth lovingly and willingly for Allah by expressing this with their heart, language and actions.
All divine messages, texts and holy books starting from the first prophet Adam to the last prophet Mohammad meet at a fundamental point. Depending on daily routines, each religion has its own characteristics and different provisions special for each community.
The prophets have communicated the religion of the Almighty Allah to the people since the first human, and Allah the Almighty has commanded the Qur’an in the completion of religion.
In the Holy Qur’an, it is stated that the Bible confirms the Torah that preceded it (Surah al-Mu’ada, Ayat 46) , whereas the Qur’an has been sent as the conformation of the preceding books. (Surah al-Baqara, Ayat 97). Assuredly, all divine religions have emerged from a single source, therefore they affirm and confirm each other.
Likewise, “When Jesus sensed disbelief on their part, he said, “Who are my allies towards Allah?” The disciples said, “We are Allah’s allies; we have believed in Allah, and bear witness that we submit.” (Surah Ali ‘Imran, Ayat 52) This answer shows that previous communities have complied to Islam as well.
As a matter of fact, the Surah of Hajj verse 78 emphasizes that all divine religions are fundamentally the same and that their common name is Islam.“And strive for Allah, with the striving due to Him. He has chosen you, and has not burdened you in religion—the faith of your father Abraham. It is he who named you Muslims before, and in this. So that the Messenger may be a witness over you, and you may be witnesses over the people. So pray regularly, and give regular charity, and cleave to Allah. He is your Protector. What an excellent Protector, and what an excellent Helper. (Surah al-Hajj, Ayat 78)
In the divine books that were sent before this, the followers of the religion did not have a special name as in this verse, so considering that names like Judaism and Christianity were invented later, the verse in the Quran “Religion with Allah is Islam.“ (Surah Ali ‘Imran, Ayat 19) can be better understood.